The Electoral College

The current Electoral College Map
The history of why Hamilton and Adams put the Electoral College in the Constitution tells a different story than is generally known. While the number of senators per state was established to offset the popular vote, the Electoral College was created as a compromise during the Constitutional Congress because southern states had smaller populations of eligible voters than the Northern States. 
This was because a large percentage of the southern states' populations were slaves.
The Northern States did not have slavery. The working class in the industrial North could vote. The concern of the slave states was that they wouldn't be represented, so a compromise was made called the Electoral Collage where the representation would be made on assigned electors, and not on eligible voting population. 
This gave the slave states equal representation to the Northern States even though a large percentage of their population could not vote. Hamilton and Adams agreed to this to get the Southern States to vote to ratify the Constitution.
This gave the slave states equal representation to the Northern States even though a large percentage of their population could not vote.
Abraham Lincoln won the Electoral College because the parties running against him divided their vote among several candidates. However, he also won the popular vote. The scenario where the popular vote did not match the Electoral College has occurred just twice in recent history with G.W. Bush in 2000, and Trump in 2016.
Would Lincoln have proposed an amendment to the Electoral Collage to more closely represent America post slavery, so that a large imbalance would not exist between the popular vote and the electors? He was assassinated, so we will never know. His successor was pro-South and didn't follow up on it.
Amending the Electoral College would require a Constitutional Amendment passed by two-thirds of House and Senante and then three-fourths of the states, which the rural states would resist. This is why it is still in place, even though the Electoral Collage was designed for the 18th Century and does not reflect the 21st Century. Because the Constitution is so hard to change, it will probably stay.
The only path to change it would be proposed laws put forth by legislators and through state ballot initiatives calling for change fair to all regions of the country, a difficult path to walk in our divided America. If such a path  could be found, however, it might grow the support needed to amend it, but there would be hard work required to keep special interests on all sides from undermining it or pulling it to their advantage, and research required to amend into something that would actually work.

Then it would need to get a two-third's of the House and Senate, and a three-fourths majority of states to put it through as an amendment.  
As long as there is an Electoral College, the possibility exists that voter suppression, misleading information, and a general ennui that results from ugly campaigns could lower the vote count on one side or the other in swing states. 
If you want change, you have to participate. Everyone needs to vote. Legislators could help by blocking voter suppression, and by passing legislation for automatic voter registration at reaching voting age. Citizens can put the latter on the ballot in their states. 
The basic truth is that everyone must vote, and, where the votes are close, everyone must vote strategically, and not based on personality, or misleading information. Know your sources. Be an informed citizen. Vote. 


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